How can you specifically build and increase your strength in weight training? What must be taken into account? For many people, progress stagnates after a while: they are no longer able to increase their weight or repetitions during the exercises, and they do not notice any physical development in terms of body fat reduction or muscle mass. However, there are numerous methods of structuring training plans so that muscle building can take place via maximum strength in basic exercises. Especially those who have been training for a longer period of time will have to use specific training methods at some point.
No muscle building despite hard workouts?
The first period of weight training is often associated with rapid strength gains and physical changes due to the new metabolic stimuli. Particularly in completely untrained individuals, each training stimulus is a new input for the metabolism, which is why beginners will make progress even with less meaningful training programs. However, muscle growth often stagnates after this initial success phase if there are no above-average genetic preconditions or if the training programs are regularly structured and individually renewed. There are even cases in which, despite training, no muscle build-up is visible from the start or only very minimal, barely noticeable progress is made.
Building your strength: Which basic exercises should I do in any case?
In this context, building and increasing strength always mean that basic exercises such as bench presses, knee bends, cross lifts and chin-ups are increased. These holistic exercises always have a very global training effect and always train several muscle groups simultaneously. Some serve as the main muscles for the movements, others as smaller stabilizers. For example, in classic cross lifting, the lower back, buttocks and rear thigh work primarily, but the upper back, chest, calves, a small part of the front thigh, arms and abdomen and many other small muscles perform tasks that support the big movement.
Why does it make sense to be strong at all?
There are several reasons why building strength can be important. Only the most important ones are mentioned here:
- Being able to perform the basic exercises in their full range of motion with certain weight ratios has health benefits: A strong, balanced musculature protects against the neck, back and knee pain, which a large part of the population has to cope with.
- Those who want to build up more visible muscles train more efficiently with higher weights. Moving more weights in a clean exercise means that more mechanical tension is generated. This in turn creates more stimulation for the muscles to grow.
- It is important for hobby and competitive athletes to train their maximum strength in the basic exercises because the stronger they are, the faster and more reactive they become in their sport. Furthermore, weight training is the best prophylaxis against injuries, because the chain usually breaks at the weakest link. This is often at the knee, for example, which is why it makes sense to strengthen deep knee bends in the full range of motion because these strengthen the muscles of the thigh, which stabilize the knee.
How can I specifically build and increase my strength?
A training plan for continuous strength building is not just a single plan, but a structured cycle of several programmes. These must be individually tailored to the goals and circumstances of each person. To achieve maximum success you should get professional support from a coach. However, if you would like to experiment a bit yourself first, you can try out some methods that offer high chances of building up strength. Some of these possibilities are described in the next section.
First, however, some basics should be discussed, which are not considered by many and are therefore often already the limiting factor for a steady increase in strength:
- The training plan should be renewed every three to four weeks, for beginners it is also possible to renew it for five to six weeks. The more advanced the user is, the faster the body adapts to the training method and the more often the organism needs new stimuli.
- The intensity of the basic exercises should vary from one training plan to another. For the sake of simplicity, intensity here means how many repetitions are done in the basic exercises per set. If you are training in the maximum strength range, for example between 1 and 4 repetitions per set, you will have a high intensity. The intensity from one training programme to the next should not be too far apart and should always go up a little and down a little.
- One should always consider in advance which basic exercises should be increased in the current training plan cycle. Is it barbell flat bench press or standing shoulder press? Is it Romanian cross lifting or cross lifting from the floor? The chin-up with a tight neutral grip or the widely pronounced one with the palms facing forward? Accordingly, one can then select the isolated additional exercises smart, which strengthen the respective exercise variation.
- The big basic exercises, which are to become stronger, should always be done at the beginning of the training. If you were to do isolated exercises in advance, you will be limited in your strength afterwards by the pre-fatigue.
Of course, there are exceptions to these basics from time to time for specific methods and individual requirements. However, as mentioned above, you should look for an experienced trainer for such more detailed analyses and training plans.
- A training plan in which maximum strength is built up should - like any other - document every training session and contain parameters that ensure reliability. The pause times between sets, the number of sets and the tempo of exercise execution should always be specified.
- In order to build up strength in sport, the eccentric movement of the exercise should always be performed more slowly than the concentric movement. The eccentric movement is the one in which the weight is released and the exercise can be controlled well. This would be the part of the chin-up where you let go of the weight, and the first movement would be the knee bend, where you squat down. The concentric movement should be performed explosively or within one second. This is the part of the exercise where weights are pushed or pulled. Pulling up when pulling up or pushing up when bench pressing is examples of this. The controlled release of the weight should happen in three to six seconds to achieve an automatic increase in strength in the concentric movement.
This is different for powerlifters or Weightlifting Olympian, but to explain this in more detail would go beyond the scope of this article.
3 methods for a training plan to increase strength
Keep it Simple: Get up to a tough set
You do 5 or more sets of the respective basic exercise for - depending on the desired intensity - 2-4, 3-5, 5-7 or 6-8 repetitions per set. Between the sets there is a break of 90 to 150 seconds. The higher the intensity, the longer the breaks. You start the first set with a weight that challenges you, but does not yet push you to the limit and you increase the weight of each set so that the last set becomes the hardest. Since there is a margin of 5-7 repetitions, for example, it makes sense to go so far in the last set that only 5 or 6 repetitions are possible with the respective weight.
Cluster - advanced method for trainees with a good basic strength:
In cluster training, for example, you choose a weight that you would normally manage for 4 repetitions. You then do only 3 repetitions with this weight, put the weight down for 10-15 seconds and breathe well, then do another repetition, pause again for 10-15 seconds, put the weight down again and do a last repetition after 10-15 seconds. With this system you can do 6 repetitions with a weight that you would normally only have done for 4. This method requires a lot of nerves and should not be used for more than three to four weeks, as the immune system could be overburdened or you could end up in overtraining due to the high stress and not regenerating properly.
1 ¼ repetitions - double specific partial movements of an exercise
This method is especially useful if you know that you are relatively weaker in a partial movement of the respective basic exercise. However, it also makes many trainees stronger without such a large deficit. Of course, you have to adjust the weights downwards for this method. For example, for 6-8 repetitions with 1 ¼ repetitions, you have to take between 15 and 20% less weight than you would normally move for this number of repetitions. An example for the execution would be the pull-up on a shoulder width neutral grip, which starts with arms completely unhooked, one pulls up to the bar, lets oneself down in a controlled way ¼ and pulls oneself up again and only then lets oneself down again to the extension.
There are of course numerous other methods to become stronger. The basics mentioned and the three example methods could, however, help you to design a training plan with which you can build up strength in a targeted manner and increase it in the long term.